Tuesday, January 25, 2011

The noun clause and complex sentence

A complex sentence contains:
  1. An independent clause.
  2. A dependent clause (also called a subordinate clause).
A dependent clause:
  1. Has a subject.
  2. Has a verb.
  3. Is not a complete sentence without an accompanying independent clause.
The noun clause
  1. Takes the place of a noun as a:
    1. subject
    2. subjective complement
    3. objective complement
    4. direct object
    5. indirect object
    6. object of a preposition
    7. appositive
  2. Cannot be moved around a sentence and still make sense.
  3. Is necessary to complete the sentence; it cannot be eliminated.
  4. Is never punctuated with a comma (unless it is an appositive).
  5. Begins with:
    1. An interrogative (What I call 'W'-words): 
      1. who (whoever, whom, whomever) [n.]
      2. what (whatever) [n.]
      3. whose [adj.]
      4. which [adj.]
      5. when [adv.]
      6. where [adv.]
      7. why [adv.]
      8. how [adv.]
    2. An expletive: 
      1. as
      2. if
      3. that can sometimes be implied, even though it may not actually appear in the sentence
      4. whether
      5. whether or not
  6. To test a noun clause, you can sometimes replace the noun clause with a pronoun or noun.
The noun clause as a subject
Whoever wins the championship goes to the Super Bowl.
(Test sentence: Someone goes to the Super Bowl)

The noun clause as a direct object
John knew Bill was good at baseball. 
(Test sentence: John knew something
Jill was asked which car she wanted.
(Test sentence: Jill asked something.) 
Jill asked when she could go home.
The noun clause as an indirect object
You should give whoever wins the game the trophy.
(Test sentence: You should give someone the trophy) 

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